The importance of digital security has become indispensable for the world we live in. The mission of the Centre of Expertise Cyber Security is to strengthen the cyber resilience of public and private organisations that are themselves less equipped to deal with cyber threats. 

Cyber resilience represents the ability of organisations to recognise cyber threats and respond to them appropriately. The focus on cyber resilience stems from the observation that organisations will all have to deal with cyber incidents sooner or later and therefore need to focus not only on preventive measures, but also, for example, on detection and response.

In order to gain a better understanding of how to realise cyber resilience, our research focuses on three sub-areas:

  1. People: which behavioural and attitudinal aspects influence cyber resilience and how can organisations improve these aspects for cyber resilience?
  2. Organisation: which organisational aspects influence cyber resilience and how can organisations improve these aspects for cyber resilience?
  3. Technology: which technical aspects influence cyber resilience and how can organisations improve these aspects for cyber resilience?

Since its establishment in 2015, the Centre of Expertise Cyber Security has grown rapidly, and a great deal of practice-oriented research has been completed. We remain committed to sustaining previous successes and creating synergies between practice-oriented research, education and professional practice.


Project C-SIDE: Cyber Security by Integrated Design

The primary objective of C-SIDE is to develop a methodology for designing secure software systems.
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Factors contributing to negotiation, payment, and reporting by ransomware victims

Ransomware is currently considered one of the primary online threats. However, little is known about the extent of ransomware victimization among citizens and entrepreneurs.
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Internship & Thesis Projects

During the course of the year, students fulfill their internships or participate in course projects within the lectorate. Below is an overview of current projects, with specification of students’ required skills.
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14 September 2023

Rutger Leukfeldt receives ERC Starting Grant


Rutger Leukfeldt has received this prestigious European grant for his research proposal titled "Cybercrime…
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29 March 2023

Municipalities suffer from digital cold feet


Municipalities should do more to tackle cybercrime. After all, it claims many victims and the impact on victims is…
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9 February 2023

Cybercrime in the north of the Netherlands


Ransomware, online fraud and hacking; fighting cybercrime has long been the exclusive domain of specialized cyber…
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Information security education based on job profiles and the e-CF

The information security field requires standardised education. This could be based on generic job profiles and a standard competence framework. The question is whether this is possible and feasible.


Cyber crises require anticipation and improvisation

The ransomware attack on Maastricht University (2019) and the wiperware attack on Maersk (2017) painfully demonstrated that major incidents cannot be prevented and can even turn into cyber crises.


Leading a cyber incident response team

Jelle Groenendaal and Ira Helsloot present a model of cyber incident command that aims to support leaders by providing practical and applicable insights into decision-making under challenging conditions.

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Secure Naming for Distributing Computing using the Condensed Graph Model

Implementing a distributed computation architecture has several basis functional requirements, such as load balancing, fault tolerance and security. The challenge is in how you manage these requirements as a...


Cloud-Based Intelligence Aquisition and Processing for Crisis Management

Contemporary crisis management has to deal with complex socio-technical environments involving many interdependent elements. Many dependencies in such settings result in complex cascading processes that can...