This research challenges the traditional approaches to human rights by interrupting iconic human rights texts, like the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and by asking how human rights should be taught in law schools. By directly editing and striking out words, one can critique concepts like ‘universality’. 

The research also takes the rights discussion to other themes such as the commons, communal rights, nature and non-human rights and how technology or corporations should be involved and included in the rights and responsibilities of societies.  


The research findings are communicated through different mediums, rather than exclusively through journals or print media, for a greater reach and wider accessibility. The findings are disseminated on a website and through social media platforms Instagram and LinkedIn.  

It involves not only written words, but also stories passed on orally, media sources such as television or the internet, works of art and music. Even written texts are interrupted or supplemented. The idea is to look not only at the 'hard' text, but also at the ways in which that text is affected, interpreted or supplemented. 

Purpose of the research 

With this research we aim to provide new ways to teach and learn about human rights. 


This research has brought some great outcomes. Learning modules have been developed, presentations have been given and interesting discussions took place. Posts were made for social media, articles written and surveys conducted. See some examples below: 

Another book chapter and a journal article are expected to be published in the future. Workshops and conferences and textual disruptions will also be held. 

Involved study programme 

International and European Law 

Project leader 

Tamara N. Lewis Arredondo, Senior Lecturer/Researcher ( 


Jan Brochwicz – 2022-2023 

Aban Ador 2023- present 

More information 

Want to know more about this topic? Take a look at the Citizenship Debates website.