Quick references and more information

The Copyright Act stipulates that if you want to use or reuse a work (publication) protected by copyright, or if you want to share it with others (such as by e-mailing it or uploading it onto Blackboard), you will have to receive permission to do so from the copyright holder(s), pay the copyright holder(s) a reasonable fee and must cite the source. This also applies to works found on the internet. You can read more about the Copyright Act at www.auteursrechten.nl/en.

So what is allowed?

  • Creating links to copyrighted works (such as articles, books, chapters of books, papers, other publications and videos) found on the internet is always permissible but only if these publications were lawfully published. Linking to a individual image is not obvious, so it may be copied. However, students must adhere to the conditions for citing (see below under plagiarism) and teachers must adhere to the Easy Access Regulation (see below).
  • Check to see if the works are available through the digital library. If so, you can create a link to them without encountering any problems.
  • If the work was published by the government (and the copyright was not explicitly reserved), or if you are using laws, decrees and regulations, court rulings or administrative decisions, you may use or reuse these publications without encountering any problems.
  • If the works are distributed under a licence (such as Creative Commons), such licences usually offer more freedom of citation. Check to see if the work has such a licence and see what the conditions are. . If you want to upload such a work in an electronic learning environment* or want to use it in a printed reader and the work exceeds the limit of the Easy Access Regulation, then this citation must be reported (see below).

Use for educational purposes

The Hague University of Applied Sciences has a ‘Easy Access Regulation’ with the Foundation Publisher's Organization for Educational Licenses (Stichting UvO), formerly Stichting PRO, for the quoting of short citations of copyrighted works for educational purposes. This regulation provides permission for this and eliminates the need for a reasonable compensation as long as the works satisfy the conditions regarding ‘short citations’. These short citations can be uploaded in an electronic learning environment* or included in a printed reader.